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*This Discussion Paper was co-authored by
Antoine Decq, Maddalena Testa, Ophelie Allard, and Radu-Ion Gheorghe

On 9 January 2020, China declared the existence of a new coronavirus following a cluster of pneumonia cases that emerged in Wuhan (Hubei Province, China) in December 2019. COVID-19 is a virus that is now prevalent in all European Union (EU) countries and affects more than 150 countries worldwide. It is responsible for more than 45,000 registered deaths so far, a figure that continues to rise, and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control so far has registered more than 950,000 cases.[1] The spread of COVID-19 was characterised as a pandemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on 11 March 2020.[2] There is currently no approved specific treatment or vaccine against COVID-19 but some are in the testing phase.[3]


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