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The European Defence Fund (EDF) is based on the article 173 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, which provides the legal framework for cooperation between the EU Member states through initiatives focusing on the “better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development”.[1]

To begin with, European security and defence cooperation reached a new level of ambition in the EU after 2016, when the Global Strategy was published. Thus, defence cooperation begun to develop more rapidly. For instance, the funding for the EDF for 2021-2027 was initially expected to be €13 million, but in the Next Generation EU the financial budget for the EDF was decreased.

 

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[1]https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2019/603478/EXPO_STU(2019)603478_EN.pdf

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