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As 2021 is still young, this new beginning invites us to take a closer look at this new year ahead. Admittedly, the Covid-19 pandemic is still very present, acting as a conflict multiplier in vulnerable regions and giving way to mask and vaccine diplomacy. Yet, one should not forget about other crucial developments challenging the EU’s foreign policy. From the Western Balkans over instability in the Eastern Partnership countries, the EU’s relations to Russia, China and Turkey, to the growing conflict potential in the Arctic and the future of the JCPOA in the context of the arrival of the new Biden administration.

Hence, our Policy Researcher Julia Tittelbach shares her take on “Nine Foreign Policy Challenges Facing the European Union in 2021”