The Author

Ana-Maria Caminski

Ana holds a Bachelor Degree in Social Communication and Public Relations and Philosophy, also the Master in Applied Philosophy and Cultural Management. Her main preoccupation focus in issues related to antisemitism, organized murder, the constitutional crises from Europe and capitalism policy.


Out of its global view, Europe and not only is facing with new tendencies in the effort to conserve his heritage. A nationalistic view situated in opposition with the predominant vision of globalists have started to gain more and more ground in the last years.

The problem of migration has brought on EU agenda, but also in United States, the need to protect borderlines from invasion of strangers, of Muslims refugees. Europeans, most of all from Germany, fear for this great replacement that could take place if borderlines are not closed.

The conserving of national identity became, in this case, a main priority for many European countries like Germany, France. How can the national identity of a country be conserved as far as the rate of immigrants has grown up, and economy’s trend is to become more global? For the first time in last years, the balance of power in European Parliament inclines for conservative representatives with national views, of far-right parties, which have started to gain popularity and trust among in the future electors.

Gideon Rachman, a commentator from Financial Times on issues of foreign affairs[1], noticed that the struggle, great battle of this year at Euro Parliamentary elections from May 26, will be between globalists and nationalists. According to BBC News, the far-rights parties, conservative nationalists from Austria, Spain, Italy, but also from France, Germany, attempt to organize themselves into a pan-European power bloc.

This would be the natural consequence, after what a pan-European Identitarian movement of Nouvelle Droite it broke out with seven years ago in France. Matteo Salvini, the leadership of Five Star Movement, a right-wing League from Italy, already started to form a pan-EU alliance of nationalist parties which found an echo in Germany’s main opposition party of far-right, Alternative für Deutschland (AfD), and in France’s National Rally Party of Marine Le Pen who speaks about “a democratic movement of patriots”[2].

History background of the issue of Muslim invasion

The fear that Europe might be invaded and replaced by Muslims is not new in history of mankind. With the same irrational fear was welcomed the modern epoch still from very first of her beginning, soon after 1492 when Reconquista finally ends, and Granada is returned to Spain. After a struggle worn by Spanish conquistadors for eight centuries, when the discovering of New World was not anymore a mystery, Moors and Jews are expelled from Inquisition’s Spain in the name of that limpieza de sangre[3] because were seen as a threat.

The world at the end of Middle Ages it were in course of changing between tendencies situated many times in opposition, “tra desiderio di rinnovamento globale e desiderio di immobilità conservatrice”[4] in words of Italian journalist, Ruggero Marino.

It is quite surprising today to see how those opposite tendencies have reappeared again in this turbulent political context, full of radical changes. The Guardian[5] reported that the ideology of Youth group, Génération Identitaire from France includes among many other ideas and reconquer of the world by whites or, otherwise said, the Reconquista of Europe.

Génération Identitaire du Nouvelle Droite is a nationalist movement that believes in supremacy of white race, as in the way have believed Spanish conquistadors and ideologues of French Revolution. Jean Renaud Camus, a French writer considered to be one of the intellectual leader of the movement, is promoter of idea of Grand Remplacement that sustains white genocide. Mr. Camus is known also for being an ardent supporter of Marine Le Pen. The idea of fight against this great replacement that threatens Europe once with the invasion of Muslims and other ethnical minorities is expressed by symbol of Identitarian movement, Lambda, which refers to Battle of Thermopylae when Spartans have opposed resistance against Persian invasion.

Even if Génération Identitaire is much older in France, the year recorded for the birth of Youth wing of the far-right Bloc Identitaire party, newly rebranded as ‘Les Identitaires’ after the name of party, is 2012. Starting up with this year, the movement expanded in many countries of the world covering a big part of European continent, but not only, like Germany, Austria, Italy, United Kingdom and Ireland until to Canada, North America.

As an irony of fate, a far-left league named after the Thracian hero, Spartacus League was founded with a century ago in Weimar Republic by Karl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxemburg and others, to fight against Bolshevism. Much later, when Spartakusbund split from Social Democratic Party, it has formed the main opposition party, Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands[6].

Now Identitare Bewegung (IB) from Germany seems to revive Spartakus spirit through their Lambda symbolism and the fight against Bolshevism, Islamization of the West. Members of Identitare Bewegung denies the ties that the movement might have with neo-Nazis and defines her as a patriotic movement, but some of them are already suspected for having relations with neo-Nazis, as with Alternative für Deutschland Party (AfD).

Supremacy of the white race and bloody battles

“We are not Nazis, we are patriots”[7], say members of Identitare Bewegung. For a while, Germany seemed that has left behind her dark past related to the rising up at power of Nazis. But in the same year, 2012, when Les Identitaires have spread all over the world,     a satirical novel by Timur Vermes was published where he speaks metaphorically about the returning of the Führer. Of course, Hitler did not returned back from death in person, only his ideas were revived and its military language.

‘The refugee crisis and its aftermath, the rise of Pegida and of the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany political party (AfD), the resulting question as to whether the country has shifted to the right and whether it is once again turning to politicians who aren’t that far away from what Hitler once thought’[8] should determine our reflection according to Der Spiegel.

If Germany shifts to the far-right and will embrace some of politicians’ views that are not too far away from past century, still remains to be seen after 26 May. With all of this,  a signal of alarm needs to be taken inside and outside the country. Many newspapers, media groups like Der Spiegel, New York Times, BBC News, CNN, already did that, especially after what in the last years were committed a high number of crimes in the name of white race.

Newly results on the investigation of 50 crimes committed on March this year in mosques of the peaceful city Christchurch, from New Zealand, shows that the attacker was a believer in the theory of Grand Remplacement, whites’ supremacy, and that it might have given a financial support to Austrian Identitarian Movement[9].

A victim of hate-crime was and the 32 years old, Heather Heyer, killed on August 12, 2017 in Charlottesville, Virginia, for daring to protest against the idea of whites’ supremacy. Other nineteen persons were injured on the anniversary rally by participants from far-right, or alt-right (“alternative right”), including neo-Nazis.

In both examples, the victims were obvious victims of hate-crime, but also victims of a theory, vision of the world which speaks about this Grand Remplacement by Muslims, Jews, and losing of whites’ identity. From lessons of the past, we know that Nationalism, as an ideology for masses, gave birth to racial, antisemitic discourse. The revival of its ideological elements would be the end of democracy in United States, like in many countries from Europe[10].

Conclusions

The results of Euro Parliamentary elections from this year, May 26, definitely will show for whom will incline more the balance of power, to globalists, whether to nationalists from far-right. But in the same time, will show the direction in which many countries will go for now on.

Between the willingness to conserve her heritage and the openness for building a global society, unbounded by any barriers, Europe is facing with the problem of migration,  of Muslins refugees, Jews, and with a Nationalistic discourse that seems to not leave any place, a corner, for the acceptance of the strangers in their host-home.

 


[1] Gideon Rachman, The great political divide between globalists and nationalists, The World in 2019, https://worldin2019.economist.com/globalistsvnationalists.

[2] Europe and nationalism: A country-by-country guide, BBC News (April 29, 2019), https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-36130006.

[3] Léon Poliakov, The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalistic Ideas in Europe, translated by Edward Howard, Barnes & Noble Books, New York, 1996.

[4] Ruggero Marino, Cristoforo Colombo – L’Ultimo dei templari, Rai Eri, Sperling & Kupfer Editori, Milano, 2005, p. 12.

[5] Mark Townsend, Senior member of European far-right group quits over neo-Nazi link, The Guardian (August 11, 2018), https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/11/generation-identity-leader-quits-neo-nazi-links.

[6] Ernst Nolte, Der Europäische Bürgerkrieg 1917-1945. Nationalsozialismus und bolschewismus, chapter II, §2.

[7] Sumi Somaskanda, Identitarian movement – Germany’s ‘new right’ hipsters, DW News (June 23, 2017), https://www.dw.com/en/identitarian-movement-germanys-new-right-hipsters/a-39383124.

[8] Sebastian Hammelehle, Who are we? Examining the State of German Identity, Der Spiegel (August 29, 2018), https://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/who-are-we-examining-the-state-of-german-identity-a-1225133.html.

[9] Julia Ebner, Who are Europe’s far-right identitarians?, POLITICO Pro (April 4, 2019), https://www.politico.eu/article/who-are-europe-far-right-identitarians-austria-generation-identity-martin-sellner/.

[10] Adam Serwer, The President’s Pursuit of White Power, The Atlantic (January 13, 2019), https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/01/trump-embraces-white-supremacy/579745/.

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