The Author

Astrid Viaud

Astrid Viaud holds a doctorate in political and social sciences from the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL, Belgium). Her thesis analysed “The coercive action of the European Union with regard to sanctions in the international order: the cases of Iran, Syria, and Russia”. She is a policy analyst at Vocal Europe working on UN, EU and US economic sanctions, and Iran.

A French version of this article will be available in the Revue Défense Nationale (May 2019).

The United States withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on May 8, 2018, and the reinsertion of the US secondary sanctions on August 7, 2018, are not without writing the first lines of a new chapter in the history of Euro-American relations.

Considering the Iranian nuclear deal as one of the last cornerstones preserving the Non-proliferation Treaty of 1968 from collapsing, the EU actively defends what may be regarded as the most achievement of its diplomacy. The Iranian nuclear deal is both a founding case of the foreign policy of an EU that has become too economically powerful, as well as an obstacle to the US energy ambitions in the Middle East.



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